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Bagaimana cara mengatasi rasa cemas siswa dalam menghadapi Ujian Nasional ?

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Kecemasan merupakan  kondisi psikologis dan bagian dari kehidupan manusia. Setiap manusia pernah mengalami kondisi psikologis ini. Kecemasan sering muncul pada orang yang dianggap normal, meskipun kecemasan merupakan simtom semua psikopathologi terutama neurotik.  Kecemasan dan ketakutan biasa merasuki manusia, baik secara individual maupun komunal, sejak mereka memiliki kesadaran, kecuali orang yang dikasihi Allah dan diberi nikmat keimanan.

bagaimana mengatasi kecemasan menghadapi ujian nasional

Kecemasan adalah ketegangan, rasa tidak aman dan kekhawatiran yang timbul karena dirasakan terjadi sesuatu yang tidak menyenangkan tetapi sumbernya sebagian besar tidak diketahui dan berasal dari dalam (DepKes RI, 1990).

Perasaan cemas ketika akan mengadapi ujian adalah hal yang lumrah atau manusiawi. Siswa-siswi saat ini terkadang mengalami rasa cemas seperti itu karena mereka akan menghadapi bermacam-macam ujian, mulai dari ujian tertulis, ujian praktek, sampai ujian nasional yang paling membuat mereka cemas. Kecemasan tersebut timbul, karena mereka merasa takut dan terlalu memikirkan hasil ujiannya kelak padahal mereka belum berusaha.

Kecemasan dapat memecah belah pemikiran seseorang, membagi dua pikiran sesorang menjadi niat yang baik dan pemikiran-pemikiran yang buruk. Terkadang seseorang dapat merasa pesimis karena kecemasan. Kegagalan yang paling mereka pikirkan, padahal mereka sama sekali belum melakukan usaha.

Faktor kecemasan dalam Ujian Nasional ini bisa disebabkan oleh kondisi dan situasi ujian saat itu, meskipun materi pelajaran yang akan diujikan telah dikuasai. Selain itu juga bisa disebabkan karena waktu yang terbatas, tingkat kesulitan materi ujian, instruksi tes, bentuk pertanyaan dan hal-hal teknis lainnya. Kecemasan ini juga akan semakin meningkat melihat banyaknya siswa dan siswi yang tidak lulus dalam Ujian Nasional. Terkadang seseorang yang sesungguhnya mempunyai otak yang cerdas dan kenyataan ini telah dibuktikan dengan nilai-nilai Ujian Sekolah yang dicapainya dalam pelajaran. Tetapi, saat ia mengikuti Ujian Nasional ternyata ia mengalami kegagalan. Penyebabnya ialah goncangan mental yang dialaminya. Inilah bukti bahwa kecemasan dapat menghancurkan nilai-nilai pelajaran bagi siswa. Sehingga, kecemasan ini harus diatasi agar tidak berpengaruh buruk.

Lantas bagaimana cara mengatasi rasa cemas siswa dalam menghadapi Ujian Nasional ?. Berikut beberapa hal yang kami terapkan kepada siswa-siswi kami dan sudah terbukti dapat menghilangkan rasa cemas siswa dalam menghadapi ujian nasional :

  1. Menanamkan rasa percaya diri

Kunci sukses menghadapi  ujian nasional  adalah membangun rasa percaya diri akan keberhasilan dengan cara menghilangkan rasa cemas. Rasa cemas merupakan musuh nomor satu dalam menghadapi ujian nasional yang harus segera dihilangkan. Kunci sukses menghadapi ujian nasional adalah memerangi rasa takut dengan keyakinan dan menghadapi kenyataan. Kita akan menjadi percaya diri, penuh rasa kemenangan, dan keberhasilan. Oleh sebab itu janganlah kuatir tentang apa yang akan dihadapi dalam ujian nasional, tetapi nyatakanlah dalam segala hal keinginannya kepada Allah dalam doa dan permohonan agar sukses dalam menghadapi ujian nasional dan dengan ucapan syukur.

  1. Tekun Belajar dan disiplin diri

Tekun merupakan salah satu kunci sukses dalam belajar, karena ketekunan, akan meningkatkan kekuatan dan kemampuan . Orang yang tekun akan memperkuat dirinya untuk mencapai suatu tujuan yang berharga (sukses belajar) dan tidak akan dikuasai oleh kecemasan dan frustasi. Sedangkan disiplin diri memungkinkan siswa memperoleh kepuasan dan mendapatkan pujian yang sepantasnya dan mungkin menaikan prestasi belajar. Selain kemajuan belajar, disiplin diri dapat juga meningkatkan kehidupan pribadi  lebih sehat dan berkembang.

  1. Tingkatkan membaca dan latihan soal

Dengan kita meningkatkan membaca dan sering berlatih mengerjakan soal-soal Ujian Nasional maka kita semakin terbiasa sehingga kita tidak perlu cemas dalam menghadapinya. Oleh karena itu, perbanyaklah baca dan latihan soal secara terus menerus agar kita mengetahui perkembangan soal apa saja yang sering diujikan. Selain itu juga dengan sering berlatih mengerjakan soal-soal maka kita akan semakin cepat mengerjakan soal-soal yang ada. Tapi perlu digaris bawahi agar lebih tepat sasaran dalam latihan soal bersama, atau ketika belajar sendiri pakailah acuan kisi-kisi ujian nasional yang berlaku.

  1. Perlu pembimbing yang mampu menyelesaikan soal dengan rumus yang smart. Kita tau bahwa dalam mengerjakan soal ujian nasional waktunya sangat terbatas, untuk itu perlu strategi memanfaatkan waktu. Terkadang kita dapat menyelesaikan suatu soal namun memerlukan waktu yang lama, hal ini karena rumus yang kita dapat masih panjang jalannya. Namun diluar sana ada teman bisa menyelesaikan pada soal yang sama dengan jawaban yang benar tapi hebatnya cukup dengan langkah atau rumus yang singkat.
  2. Jaga Kesehatan. Belajar itu penting tapi kesehatan juga penting.
  1. Jangan Lupa Minta Do’a dan Restu kepada Orangtua

Mintalah do’a dan restu pada orang tua agar kita diberi kemudahan dan kelancaran dalam menghadapi Ujian Nasional.

  1. Tingkatkan Ibadah

Berdoalah pada Allah dan jauhi hal-hal yang dilarang Agama agar kita diberi kesehatan, kemudahan saat menghadapi ujian, dan kelulusan.

Itulah tadi yang dapat pakbudi sampaikan, bagaimana cara mengatasi rasa cemas siswa dalam menghadapi Ujian Nasional, semoga anda yang membaca senantiasa diberikan kesehatan,dan kepahaman dalam menuntut ilmu. Salam sukses.

 

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